COVID-19 has caused a global recession, especially with regard to women’s reproductive and sexual health rights


Exceptional measures used by governments and health authorities during the COVID-19 pandemic, including lockdowns, quarantine and reorganization of medical services. Directly influenced sexual and reproductive health and the full realization of rights. This was especially true for women and girls. These impacts are felt at many levels and require a major overhaul of international health development to make this issue a global priority.

Access to contraception

Access to contraception is one of the sexual and reproductive health problems most affected by the pandemic. by World Health Organization Family planning and contraception were seriously confused during the pandemic, affecting 7 out of 10 countries.

According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Over 47 million people in 114 low- and middle-income countries Woman I do not have access to contraceptives. For every three months of extension, up to 2 million women will not have access to the latest contraceptive methods.

Containment measures Disruption of the contraceptive supply chain and access to medical facilities. COVID-19, due to the focus on essential supplies to tackle Inaccessible or out of stock sexual and reproductive health commodities directly hampers the sexual and reproductive health and rights of millions of women and girls.

Access to sexual health services

The effects of COVID-19 are also being felt in sexual and reproductive health services, including antenatal care, maternal and newborn health services, sexually transmitted disease care, or sexual health counseling. In the United States, 1 in 3 women reported that visits to sexual and reproductive health providers had to be delayed or canceled, or that contraception was difficult to obtain. The closure of sexual and reproductive health clinics has placed a disproportionate burden on women and girls in need of sexual and reproductive health care.

Credits: Source: Marie Stopes International: Resilience, Adaptation, Behavior: MSI’s response to COVID-19. UNICEF: direct and indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the response in South Asia. Courtesy of the author

School closures (widely implemented globally) Reduced access to information and sex education, mainly for girls. Childbirth is the leading cause of death worldwide for girls aged 15-19).

Even modest barriers to sexual and reproductive health services can have significant health consequences. For example, if pregnancy-related health insurance were reduced by 10%, the result would be: Miserable for women and newborns: 1.7 million women give birth and 2.6 million newborns suffer from serious complications and lack the care they need.

Access to abortion

During the pandemic, access to abortion was declared in many states and health jurisdictions. Service “not required”, blocking access for millions of women and girls. May 2020, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Some US states have reported using the COVID-19 emergency to restrict access to abortion Health in Italy The facility has also shut down related services to abortion Or reassigned gynecological staff to anti-COVID -19, exacerbating the barrier to legal abortion.

Increase in gender-based violence

Violence is also exacerbated by the health crisis Leads to an increase in gender-based violence which threatens well-being and health. UNFPA For example, it is estimated that a six-month blockade will create an additional 31 million cases of gender-based violence. For each three-month extension, an additional 15 million cases will be added.

Children are particularly affected. Save the Children It is estimated that in May 2020, three months after implementation, the home support order increased physical, sexual and psychological abuse of children by 20 to 32%. This means that more than 85 million girls and boys worldwide were only affected in June, July and August 2020.

COVID-19 has caused a global recession, especially with regard to women's reproductive and sexual health rights

Credits: Source: Marie Stopes International: Resilience, Adaptation, Behavior: MSI’s response to COVID-19. Ipas: COVID-19 restrictions put access to abortion at risk for 1.85 million women in India. Kathmandu Post May 27, 2020: Maternal mortality has increased 200% since the start of the blockade. Marie Stops International: Resilience, Adaptation, Behavior: MSI’s response to COVID-19. Courtesy of the author

Recommendations

Advances in sexual and reproductive health and rights are long-term efforts that cannot be interrupted in the event of a pandemic.

Millions of women and girls are affected globally, more than women and girls affected by COVID-19. By Guttmacher Institute For example, in 2020 there were 218 million women who were not meeting modern needs. Contraceptive methods, 111 million unwanted pregnancies, 30 million unwanted births, 35 million unsafe abortions. This only applies to low and middle income countries. Around 80 million COVID-19 will occur globally in 2020.

The international community must mobilize with the same power as the current pandemic. Sexual and reproductive health and rights must become global priorities.

COVID-19 has caused a global recession, especially with regard to women's reproductive and sexual health rights

Credits: Source: UN Policy Summary: Impact of COVID-19 on Women; African Union (CUAWGDD): Ann Africa Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19 Pandemic Courtesy of the Author

To do this, you need to do the following:

  1. Establish a guaranteed basis for sexual and reproductive health services that cannot be suspended in the event of a serious crisis. This ensures a minimum supply of services through continued funding and ensures that the hard-earned benefits of sexual and reproductive health and rights are not lost.
  2. Implementation of a gender-based and cross-sectional analysis of all health policies to assess the short, medium and long term effects to ensure that the negative effects of other health emergencies do not outweigh the benefits expected policies. to augment.
  3. Continue to invest in international health development projects and secure a large budget to support the continuity of services despite other health services Emergencies and crises such as COVID-19.
  4. Establish a specialty within police and security agencies on gender-based violence so that people, especially women, can receive prompt support and protection in an emergency.

The COVID-19 pandemic is sexual and reproductive health and rights are multifaceted, direct and indirect, unevenly distributed internationally and felt around the world. These effects interact and overlap with other gender and / or economic and social inequalities that existed before the pandemic, increasing the complexity of the problem and the difficulty of responding to it appropriately. The international community must prioritize this.


Pandemic has blocked access to millions of family plans: United Nations


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Quote: COVID-19 acquired on August 6, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-08-covid-global-setback-reproductive, especially for women (August 6, 2021) Caused a global reproductive recession and sexuality rights-sexual-health.html

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COVID-19 has caused a global recession, especially with regard to women’s reproductive and sexual health rights

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